Chihuahua with Down Syndrome: Triumph Over Challenges!

written based on real life experience and knowledge of

Published on

Updated on


Learn the challenges and appropriate care required for a chihuahua with down syndrome.

Go Up

Recognizing the signs of a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome can be a bit tricky as the symptoms often overlap with those of other health issues. Therefore, interpret these signs as an indication that your beloved Chihuahua might require a professional veterinary evaluation, rather than as a conclusive diagnosis of Down Syndrome.

Typically, Chihuahuas with Down Syndrome exhibit a variety of unusual physical characteristics and behavior patterns, some of which are more easily observable than others. However, here’s what you should look out for:

  • Physical Abnormalities:

    These can include unique facial characteristics such as an unusually shaped head, protruding tongue, or an abnormal gait. Beyond this, the Chihuahua might have unevenly spaced eyes or shorter legs than is standard for the breed.

  • Developmental Delays:

    Down Syndrome could affect a Chihuahua’s ability to grow and develop at the rate standard for its breed. For instance, your Chihuahua may take longer to learn basic commands, or might experience difficulties with housebreaking routines.

  • Health Issues:

    Chihuahuas with this condition could have weakened immune systems and a tendency toward frequent illness. This may include common ailments such as skin disorders or ear infections, but could also involve more severe health issues like heart conditions.

  • Behavioral Changes:

    Behavioral changes are a definite giveaway. Chihuahuas with this condition often exhibit lack of coordination and may be less active or playful than healthy Chihuahuas. They may also appear to be overly lethargic or constantly sleepy. They may exhibit appetite changes or unusual aggression as well.

Despite these indicative signs, remember that a professional diagnosis is crucial. This is essentially because these symptoms are not exclusive to Down Syndrome and could be a sign of other health problems. Any found unusual signs should prompt a veterinary consultation at the earliest to ensure your Chihuahua receives the right care and treatment.

If you’re intrigued by the Chihuahua’s traits and want to delve further into understanding these fascinating creatures, be sure to explore our comprehensive article titled: “Unveiling the Mystery Behind the Large Eyes of Chihuahuas—Discover Surprising Facts!”. Don’t miss out on uncovering more amazing facts about one of the world’s smallest yet most captivating dog breeds.

The Diagnosis Process: Is It Down Syndrome?

Go Up

When you notice abnormalities in your Chihuahua’s behavior or physical development, it’s pertinent to consult with a veterinary professional. The diagnosis process for a canine suspected with Down Syndrome, including a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome, is multifaceted and subjective, since there’s ongoing debate within the scientific community about whether dogs can indeed inherit this genetic disorder.

Initially, your vet will likely carry out a thorough physical examination, observing for key Down Syndrome characteristics such as disproportional physical features and sluggish motor abilities. Extra skin folds, unusual hair growth patterns, and dysfunction of the heart or other organs can be telltale signs to watch out for. Bear in mind that a Chihuahua could display some of these indications due to other health conditions, hence professional evaluation is crucial.

Diagnostic laboratory tests are another essential part of the process. These may encompass complete blood counts (CBC), organ function tests to evaluate health status of the liver, heart, and kidneys, and other related tests.

Further analysis of your Chihuahua’s condition might call for imaging techniques. Radiographic imaging allows veterinarians to assess the structural organization of the organs and tissues inside a Chihuahua suspected with Down Syndrome. For instance, X-rays may be employed to analyze any heart defects, while a CT scan might be administered for a detailed view of the skeletal structure.

Finally, the veterinarian may depend on genetic testing, probing the cellular makeup to notice any genetic anomalies. Dogs typically possess 39 pairs of chromosomes, and any deviation might raise a probability of Down Syndrome. However, it is challenging to confirm a Down Syndrome diagnosis in a dog, including a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome, purely on the basis of genetic testing, because of differences in canine and human genetics.

By approaching the diagnosis from multiple angles, veterinary professionals can better eliminate other potential conditions and lend more accuracy in diagnosing suspected Down Syndrome in Chihuahuas. Still, it’s recommended to approach a diagnosis with an open mind considering the ongoing scientific debate on this topic.

If you’ve gained value from our overview on technical aspects of veterinary diagnostics, you might also be intrigued by our dedicated health report that discusses a peculiar issue concerning one of the smallest yet most dynamic breeds in the dog world, in the article titled “Are Chihuahuas Prone To Seizures? – Amazing Health Facts About Chihuahuas Exposed!“.

Chihuahua with Down Syndrome: Triumph Over Challenges!

Life expectancy and Quality of Life of Chihuahuas with Down Syndrome

Go Up

When it comes to the life expectancy and quality of life of a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome, several factors come into play. It can be hard to provide a specific lifespan for these dogs due to limited documented cases and differing degrees of health complications. Moreover, Down Syndrome in dogs is still a highly debated subject among the veterinary community.

That said, proper and consistent care can significantly improve the general health and longevity of any Chihuahua facing health challenges. This includes routine vet visits, proper diet, enough exercise, and an environment that sustains their emotional and mental wellbeing. Dealing with a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome might mean dealing with more health issues than usual, but a well-managed health routine can help enhance their overall quality of life.

In terms of their quality of life, Chihuahuas with Down Syndrome have the capability to lead a happy and fulfilling life with the correct support in place. Though they may experience limitations due to their condition, such as physical abnormalities and cognitive impairments, they still enjoy basic pleasures such as love, play, and companionship.

  • For instance, they will still enjoy being around their owners, delight in their favorite treats, and desire to engage in their favored activities, albeit possibly at a different pace or intensity than other dogs.
  • They may have a slower learning curve or require modifications to accommodate any physical abnormalities, but they can still interact and learn like any other dog.
  • They are also capable of forming strong bonds with their families, which can greatly contribute to their emotional wellness and overall quality of life.

While chihuahuas with this condition are likely to have a more complicated health picture and may potentially have a shorter lifespan than a typical chihuahua, that does not prevent them from having enriching, full, and pleasurable lives when provided with the right care and attentiveness to their unique needs.

Now that you have gained insight into the unique life of a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome, you may also be interested in discovering more about this wind-up powerhouse breed. To further acquaint yourself with their inherent traits, do not miss our review on “Pros And Cons of Chihuahuas: Incredible Facts To Know About These Adorable Companions“.

Feeding a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome

Go Up

Optimal nutrition plays a vital role in maintaining the overall health and well-being of a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome. Due to their specific needs, tailoring a diet that caters to these requirements can be an invaluable part of their care plan. It’s crucial to note that such a diet might not be similar to those provided to typical Chihuahuas and may require special considerations.

One of the important factors to look into is the digestibility of the food. Chihuahuas with Down Syndrome may have difficulty in processing certain types of food or may show lesser absorption of nutrients. Thus, high-quality, easily digestible proteins should be offered to them. However, it’s also necessary to ensure a balance in their diet, which leads to the need for a consultation with a vet or a pet nutritionist.

There may be specific nutritional needs, like increased fiber intake, necessary vitamins, or high-quality proteins. Caregivers must be equipped with this knowledge and regularly adjust the diet as per their dog’s health condition. However, do not make sudden changes to the diet as it can lead to digestive issues. Any changes should be made gradually while observing the dog’s reaction to these changes.

  • Raw or Cooked Meat: This a rich source of protein. However, it should be thoroughly cooked to avoid any potential harmful bacteria.
  • Fruits and Vegetables: These can be a great source of vitamins and fibers. However, it’s crucial to know which ones are safe for dogs. For instance, apples and carrots are usually safe, while grapes and onions can be toxic.
  • Grains: Well-cooked grains can provide good fiber and are generally easy to digest. Brown rice can be a suitable option here.
  • Dairy: Always choose lactose-free dairy products as dogs can often be lactose intolerant.

Always ensure that the dog stays hydrated, especially when they are on a dry food diet. Access to clean, fresh water is crucial at all times.

In conclusion, feeding a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome requires careful thought and a tailored approach. Regular check-ups with a vet, combined with your observation of your dog’s behavior after meals, can guide you in making necessary changes over time. Even with their special needs, a balanced and nutritious diet can help a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome maintain good health and enjoy a stable quality of life.

After delving into special feeding considerations and recommendations, it may also be beneficial to explore how these principles apply to different breeds, for instance, when choosing between an Applehead or Deer Head Chihuahua. To gain further insights into this fascinating subject, visit Applehead vs Deer Head Chihuahua: Choose Your Favorite!.

Physical Activities and Exercise for Chihuahuas with Down Syndrome

Go Up

Just like any other canine, a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome needs physical exercise as part of its regular routine. The physical activities foster improved cardiovascular and musculoskeletal health, cater to mental stimulation, and help maintain an optimal body weight. However, it’s crucial to adapt these activities to suit the unique needs of a Chihuahua diagnosed with Down Syndrome.

Firstly, it’s essential to recognize that a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome may have varying physical capabilities and levels of endurance. This situation demands a tailored approach when it comes to exercise routines. The aim should be to create a regimen that’s engaging yet doesn’t overly strain your pet.

The following are some recommended activities:

  • Short, Gentle Walks: A brief and slow-paced stroll around the neighborhood can be an excellent activity for your Chihuahua. It provides an opportunity for exploration and sensory stimulation without demanding too much physical effort.
  • Indoor Play: Using toys, you can create games that stimulate your Chihuahua mentally and physically within the comfort of your home. This can be a great option when outdoor conditions aren’t suitable.
  • Light Tug or Fetch Games: These games can be tailored to be less strenuous. Always ensure your pet is comfortable and excited to engage in the activity.
  • Swimming: While it may not be suited for all, some Chihuahuas with Down Syndrome enjoy swimming. It’s a low-impact activity known for improving muscular strength and cardiovascular health. Always make sure to closely supervise your Chihuahua during these sessions to ensure safety.

Regardless of the activity choice, consistency is vital. Try to establish a routine that your Chihuahua can anticipate and look forward to. Regular mild to moderate exercise will contribute significantly toward enhancing the quality of life for your Chihuahua with Down Syndrome.

Lastly, keep in mind that any physical activity plan should be approved by a veterinary doctor. As your Chihuahua’s health condition may change over time, adjustments to the exercise regimen may be necessary. Collaborating with a vet ensures that the established exercise routine not only interests your dog but also contributes positively to his overall health.

Once you’ve established a routine of suitable exercises for your beloved Chihuahua, take a chance to discover another great way to contribute to their well-being. Get directed to the article on the “4 Best Chew Toys For Chihuahuas”, carefully selected to promote their dental health and keep them entertained.Explore 4 Best Chew Toys For Chihuahuas.

Medical Care and Regular Check-ups

Go Up

It is of utmost importance to understand the essentiality of regular veterinary care when caring for a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome. These check-ups are vital not only for assessing the general health status of your Chihuahua, but also for detecting any subtle changes that might require adjustments to their care routine.

Regular veterinary visits allow for early detection and management of potential health issues. Early diagnosis can improve the prognosis of many conditions and prevent them from becoming severe. For a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome, these visits are even more crucial due to the potential for various health complications and the need for special care.

Typical assessments during these check-ups may include:

  • Physical Examination: A thorough check is performed to assess the overall wellness of your dog, taking note of any physical changes since the last visit.
  • Diagnostic tests: These may involve blood tests, X-rays, or ultrasound, depending on any symptoms your dog might show.
  • Assessment of Syndromic Features: Any distinctive changes or symptoms peculiar to Down Syndrome can be monitored during these check-ups, allowing vets to understand better how the syndrome is affecting your pet.

Apart from diagnosing and treating health issues, these check-ups provide an excellent opportunity for discussing any concerns you might have regarding your Chihuahua with Down Syndrome. Whether it’s about their dietary needs, exercise regimen, or behavioral changes, your vet should be able to provide expert advice and offer solutions.

Maintaining a schedule of regular veterinary visits along with a robust home care plan provides a strong foundation for managing Down Syndrome in Chihuahuas. High-quality medical care is one of the cornerstones of ensuring your furry friend enjoys the best possible quality of life despite their condition.

While understanding general canine health is critical, knowing the specific needs of your breed is just as significant. Dive deeper into the world of breed-specific care with our insightful guide on how to provide critical nutrients to one of the smallest dog breeds; discover Essential Vitamins For Chihuahuas.

General Care and Maintenance for a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome

Go Up

Caring for a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome requires a particular level of compassion, patience, and diligence, balanced with several essential regular practices. While they may require additional care compared to other Chihuahuas, remember that they are still full of avid life, and can flourish under dedicated and proper care.

Start by ensuring your little friend lives in a clean and safe environment. Any potential hazards in the house should be eliminated. Such measures reduce risks of injury and facilitate a healthier lifestyle. Here are some crucial general care tips:

  • Hygiene routines: Regular grooming is vital. Brush their coats to promote good skin health and reduce shedding. Dental care is also necessary; brush their teeth frequently to prevent dental issues.
  • Mental stimulation: Engaging them in mind-enriching activities plays a crucial part in their emotional well-being. Use puzzle toys to stimulate their mental processes or soft toys for their physical engagement.
  • Comfortable living conditions: Create a warm, harmonious home environment. A comfy bed or corner for them to retreat and rest is essential. Also, consider pet-proofing your home to minimize potential safety issues.

Providing emotional support for a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome is just as important as physical care. Make sure to establish a strong bond; love and attention can have a great impact on their overall health. By adapting their care to their needs, you’re set to offer them the quality life they deserve. Always remember, every Chihuahua has its own unique personality and capability, regardless of its health condition.

For an intriguing shift, why not journey from commonplace general pet care to the specific world of a unique voracious breed? Unearth astonishing details about the rarity of a specific kind of Chihuahua in our fascinating article, Are Black Chihuahuas Rare? – Astonishing Facts That Will Delight You!.

Challenges in Raising a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome

Go Up

Raising a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome can bring about a unique set of challenges due to the inherent health and developmental issues associated with the condition. While these dogs may require additional care and attention, overcoming these hurdles can be incredibly rewarding.

Socialization Challenges:

  • Behavioral Differences: Chihuahuas with Down Syndrome might show distinct behavior, not following the usual breed-specific characteristics. This may include excessive timidity, or conversely, aggression. Thus, they might require more patience and tactful handling during training and social interactions.
  • Limited Interaction with Other Dogs: Your Chihuahua’s potential cognitive impairment may affect their interaction with other dogs and animals. They might encounter difficulties while playing or communicating, which can limit their social experiences.

Health Challenges:

  • Higher Health Risks: Your Chihuahua may be susceptible to various physical ailments, such as heart disease or hypothyroidism, due to Down Syndrome. Regular veterinary check-ups are vital to monitor and manage such conditions.
  • Sensitivity to Environment: Dogs with Down Syndrome possess heightened sensitivity to changes in their surroundings, which could lead to undue stress. Owners must provide a stable and safe environment for their companions.

Nutrition: Just like any canine, a Chihuahua with Down syndrome requires a proper diet. However, their nutritional needs might be unique, depending on their overall health condition and specific symptoms. Consequently, dietary planning and management can be a challenging task.

Adaptation to Household Routine: Their learning capabilities may be impaired, making it harder for them to adapt to the usual household routine. Owners should be prepared to invest more time and patience through this process.

Above all, it is important to remember that every chihuahua with down syndrome is unique and poses their specific set of challenges. Proactive care, lots of love, and a good support network can make raising a chihuahua with down syndrome an enriching experience.

If you enjoyed exploring the complexities of caring for Chihuahuas with Down Syndrome, you might also find it fascinating to learn about unusual behaviors in another fabulous petite pet. Why does a ferret lick its owner? Discover the answer to this intriguing question by delving into ‘The Secret Language of Ferrets‘.

Identifying Chihuahua Health Issues and Genetic Disorders

Go Up

As pet owners, understanding the health issues and potential genetic disorders of your specific breed is crucial to maintaining their well-being. Chihuahuas, like any breed, come with their own set of health challenges which could range from dental issues due to their smaller mouths to chronic valvular heart disease.

Genetic disorders in Chihuahuas can include Legg-Calve-Perthes disease and Patellar luxation, which are related to their joints and bones, while Hydrocephalus is a neurological condition that can impact these petite pooches. Each disorder carries its own set of symptoms and requires individualized care and treatment plans. But what about Down Syndrome in Chihuahuas?

Does it exist in dogs, and more specifically, in Chihuahuas? When it comes to Down Syndrome, it’s important to note that the condition is widely recognized in humans and characterized by an extra 21st chromosome. In dogs, especially a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome, it has not been scientifically accepted or studied in the same depth as in humans. This is due to the difference in the chromosomal structures between humans and dogs. However, there are instances where dogs have shown symptoms that resemble those of humans with Down Syndrome, highlighting the need for further exploration and discussion among the veterinary and scientific community.

The possibility of a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome can manifest in various signs including abnormal facial features, difficulties with physical coordination and potential heart problems. The idea of ‘down syndrome-like’ symptoms in Chihuahuas and other breeds is a topic of considerable debate, and should be handled with sensitivity, prioritizing the health and well-being of the pooch.

Ultimately, the key focus for any Chihuahua owner should be on maintaining their pet’s general health, providing a nutritious diet, ensuring regular exercise, and seeking prompt medical help when signs of trouble appear. A careful observation for any unusual symptoms and regular vet visits will go a long way in managing and treating any possible genetic disorders effectively.

If you are intrigued by the health challenges inherent in some of our cherished pets, you may also find it fascinating to explore the world of another unique creature. Uncover the captivating truths surrounding the bearded dragon in this comprehensive National Geographic’s detailed dossier on Bearded Dragons and embark on a journey through the life of another remarkable species.

Comprehensive Guide to Chihuahua Breed: From Lifespan to Breeding Issues

Go Up

The Chihuahua, a small but sprightly breed, has often been the subject of numerous discussions pertaining to its health, lifespan, behavior, and even issues regarding breeding. This breed is susceptible to various health issues, just as most dog breeds are, and it’s important to establish that genetic disorders, including Down Syndrome, may occur in Chihuahuas. However, it is essential to know that the phenomenon of a chihuahua with down syndrome is quite controversial, as the presence of Down Syndrome in dogs is still debated among many experts in the veterinary field.

On average, Chihuahuas have a lifespan between 14 to 16 years, which can be impacted by factors such as diet, exercise, and of course, their health status. They are known for their vivaciousness, intelligence, and loyalty, but their size makes them susceptible to certain specific health conditions. Common issues for this breed include eye infections, dental problems, heart diseases, and difficulties giving birth due to their small size.

Chihuahuas are complicated breeders. There has been pervasive talk about a chihuahua with down syndrome, but in general, this breed tends to have their own predispositions to a range of genetic disorders. Patellar luxation (dislocation of the knee-cap), hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), and hydrocephalus (“water on the brain”) are common genetic issues in the breed. It is crucial for potential owners to research the lineage of their prospective pet to understand potential risks the dog could face.

Chihuahuas, like all breeds, deserve love and attention. If you suspect your Chihuahua is dealing with health conditions such as Down Syndrome, early intervention and proactive care will be critical for ensuring the best quality of life possible. Although raising a Chihuahua with health issues can come with challenges, the rewards far outweigh the difficulties as you foster a bond with a tiny, feisty companion who will love you unconditionally.

Specialized Care for Chihuahuas: Nutrition, Training, and Insurance Considerations

Go Up

When it comes to caring for a Chihuahua, there are several factors to consider, especially when your pet may have special needs such as those associated with Down Syndrome. Nutrition, training, and insurance are three major considerations for optimal pet care.

Chihuahuas, like all dogs, require a balanced diet for their overall health and well-being. However, a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome may necessitate additional dietary alterations. The pet may need a diet high in essential nutrients like protein and fibre, alongside supplements such as omega-3 fatty acids. Even though some food products claim to cater specifically to dogs with Down Syndrome, always consult with your vet before making significant changes in your dog’s diet.

  • Nutritional dog food
  • Fibre-rich supplements
  • Omega-3 fatty acids supplements

Training a Chihuahua can be a rewarding yet challenging endeavor. With a Chihuahua that has Down Syndrome, it’s important to be patient and consistent with training sessions, focusing more on positive reinforcement techniques. Use toys, praise, or treats as rewards for good behavior. Remember that repetitive actions and commands may be necessary to guide the dog properly and create a comfortable, stress-free training environment.

  • Patience & consistency
  • Positive reinforcement approach
  • Repetition of actions and commands

Lastly, investing in a pet insurance plan can be incredibly helpful, especially when caring for a pet with health conditions like Down Syndrome. An insurance plan will typically cover relative veterinary costs, which can mount when it comes to providing necessary medical interventions, medications, therapies, and regular check-ups. It can provide peace of mind knowing that sudden health issues will not catch you unprepared financially.

Remember, caring for a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome requires dedication and commitment but is also a rewarding experience. As always, your vet should be your guide in any changes or adjustments in your pet’s diet, training routine or medical care.

Understanding Down Syndrome in Dogs: From Initial Recognition to Long-term Care

Go Up

Understanding Down Syndrome in dogs is often fraught with confusion. There’s misinformation surrounding the condition primarily as it’s perceived in humans, and how it might not exactly translate to dogs. Although it remains a topic of ongoing debate, experts have come to an agreement that dogs may exhibit symptoms similar to Down Syndrome seen in humans. When we narrow down the discussion to Chihuahuas, the subject becomes even more intriguing.

While Down Syndrome predominantly occurs in humans due to an extra copy of chromosome 21, canine chromosomes are significantly different, rendering a direct comparison difficult. Nonetheless, some dogs, including Chihuahuas, have been observed to exhibit physical characteristics and behavioral tendencies that parallel Down Syndrome in humans. In essence, when we talk about a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome, we might rather be referring to a Chihuahua exhibiting a set of aberrant physical attributes and behaviors akin to those seen in human Down Syndrome.

Recognizing such symptoms in your Chihuahua is the first stage in understanding if they might have a condition akin to Down Syndrome. These signs may include unusual facial features, slow growth rate, vision or hearing problems, and difficulties with motor skills. It’s important to note that these symptoms can also indicate other health conditions, which is why accurate diagnosis by a professional vet is pivotal.

Long-term care for a Chihuahua exhibiting Down Syndrome-like symptoms involves comprehensive and persistent attention. This includes regular medical check-ups to monitor their health progression, customizing their diets to meet unique nutritional needs, and incorporating suitable physical activities into their routine to enhance overall movement and strength.

When it comes to their wellbeing, emotional support and a loving environment cannot be marginalized. Each Chihuahua with Down Syndrome-like symptoms may present varying needs and exhibit distinctive behaviors, just like humans with Down Syndrome. Hence, patience, empathy, and love are crucial in their long-term care. Always remember that despite the challenges, the bond formed with a Chihuahua living with this condition can be immensely rewarding and poignant.

The Reward of Caring for a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome

Go Up

Despite the challenges, caring for a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome can be uniquely rewarding. These dogs often exhibit an endearing mixture of vulnerability and determination that captivates the hearts of their caregivers. Plus, because they rely more heavily on their human companions for help with daily tasks, they tend to form strong, deep bonds with those who care for them.

Chihuahuas with Down Syndrome may struggle in areas where other dogs excel, but they also have their unique strengths. For instance, the slower physical and mental pace of these dogs can provide a calming, soothing presence in the home. They can also inspire their owners to be more patient, perceptive and compassionate. The joy of seeing them overcome obstacles and make progress in their development is often an exhilarating experience that deepens your connection and bond.

Here are a few tips to make caring for a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome a more rewarding experience:

  • Patience and Consistency: They might take longer to learn new things, but with patience, consistency and a positive approach, you can help your beloved pet to grasp new skills.
  • Empathy and Understanding: Work on understanding your pet’s unique needs and behavior. This is the foundation of a strong bond. Don’t compare them with other dogs. Instead, appreciate their individual strengths and work with their weaknesses.
  • Educate Yourself: Stay informed about Down Syndrome and its implications for dogs, particularly Chihuahuas. This will keep you equipped to provide the best possible care.

In the end, the most rewarding aspect of caring for a Chihuahua with Down Syndrome might just be the understanding that you’re providing a quality life for a creature that might otherwise have been overlooked or neglected. The grateful antics and unconditional love these dogs give in return can add a rich layer of meaning and satisfaction to your life.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 4.7 / 5. Vote count: 128

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *